• Dandruff is the excessive flaking of dead skin on the scalp. The cells are dead and peeling skin is a normal natural occurrence. However, there are people who experience continuous, chronic, or occasional exfoliation in large amounts. Most cases of dandruff can be treated with special shampoo or prescribed medication from a Dermatologist. Dandruff can also be a symptom of seborrhoeic dermatitis, psoriasis, fungal infection, or head lice. When you have dandruff, excessive head scratching should be avoided. Scratching can cause skin damage, which in turn may increase the risk of infection, particularly from bacteria staphylococcus aureus, and streptococcus. Although these bacterial infections are the greatest risk of dandruff, most people will find that dandruff can cause social issues which leads to loss of confidence for the sufferer. Therefore, immediate treatment is very important for purely social reasons.
  • Cause
  • Normally, with the growth of skin, epidermal cells will be pushed out, where they eventually die and peel off from the head. In general, the peeling is too small to be to naked eye. However, certain conditions cause the turnover of cells and cell growth to increase excessively. In people with dandruff, skin cells may die and be replaced approximately every two weeks, whereas in people without dandruff, this cycle take place about once a month. As a result, dead skin cells will detach and accumulate in large numbers, which appear as small white or gray flakes on the scalp.
  • Dandruff, in some cases, is caused by poor nutrition, and may be particularly due to zinc deficiency. Zinc can be found in foods such as shellfish, chicken, turkey, pork, and beans.
  • Treatment
  • Exfoliation can be reduced, especially for those who have dandruff problems that are not too great, with proper hair care. Some people have the wrong perception and think that shampoos can cause the scalp to become dry and make them have more dandruff and consequently, they refuse to wash their hair. In fact, with regular hair washing, the dead skin cells will slip off before collecting in numerous and visible amounts. The proper shampoo will help restore the scalp acidity level, breaking the oil, and preventing dead skin cells from piling up into unsightly amounts. However, shampoos that are not intended specifically for dandruff treatment, or shampoos that are not for the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis, have no effect on irritated skin.

    TIPS to overcome dandruff
    To overcome dandruff, follow the tips below:
      § Avoid scratching your scalp to prevent blisters which can cause a secondary infection.
      § Use Redken Dandruff Control Shampoo regularly. It contains Zinc Pyrithione (ZPT) an anti-bacterial and anti fungal ingredient, and it will help to reduce the incidence of skin flakes and relieve itching. It also has a very pleasant smell and doesn't smell like fresh road asphalt.
      § Avoid stress. Although not a direct cause, stress can cause immune deficiencies which make it difficult to overcome dandruff.
      § Limit foods and beverages that can trigger the growth of skin fungi.
      § Keep your hair and skin healthly with foods rich in vitamin B, for example: egg yolks, nuts, seeds and dark green vegetables.
      § Do not forget to consume food that contains zinc in order to maintain the activity of the skin oil glands and the immune system, for example: fish, egg yolks, meat, soy and grains (rice, wheat, etc.)
      § Take a minute to bask in the sunlight in the morning and evening. This will help your body to make healthy hair and help the skin to remain intact.
      § Discontinue the use of your anti-dandruff shampoo, if it causes side effects; such as skin peeling, redness or extreme itchiness.
      § Contact your Dermatologist if you cannot obtain relief from over the counter products.